Today is Copernicus’s 541th birthday. You may remember Copernicus as the man who said “Hey, what if the Earth went around the sun?” To which the Catholic Church replied “Hey, what if we set you on fire?”
That’s just false. Copernicus was a canon in the Catholic Church and well respected. His uncle, the bishop of warmia, encouraged his work. Pope clement VII had the heliocentric theory explained to him and was so excited he gave the guy who explained it to him a gift. The only reason more did not come of this is because he died. The only anti-copernicus thing the Catholic Church did was the censors added a letter at the beginning that said the work was not meant to be how the world actually is, but just a model. This wasn’t so much religious conviction however, but a dogma of their rationalist Aristotelian philosophy of science. Protestants found Copernicus to be much more religiously offensive.